Financial Metrics You Should Care About: Farmland Partners Inc. (FPI), Galmed Pharmaceuticals Ltd. (GLMD)

The shares of Farmland Partners Inc. have decreased by more than -28.11% this year alone. The shares recently went up by 18.18% or $0.96 and now trades at $6.24. The shares of Galmed Pharmaceuticals Ltd. (NASDAQ:GLMD), has jumped by 39.56% year to date as of 07/12/2018. The shares currently trade at $12.77 and have been able to report a change of 6.77% over the past one week.

The stock of Farmland Partners Inc. and Galmed Pharmaceuticals Ltd. were two of the most active stocks on Thursday. Investors seem to be very interested in what happens to the stocks of these two companies but do investors favor one over the other? We will analyze the growth, profitability, risk, valuation, and insider trends of both companies and see which one investors prefer.

Profitability and Returns

Growth alone cannot be used to see if the company will be valuable. Shareholders will be the losers if a company invest in ventures that aren’t profitable enough to support upbeat growth. In order for us to accurately measure profitability and return, we will be using the EBITDA margin and Return on Investment (ROI), which balances the difference in capital structure. FPI has an EBITDA margin of 69.7%, this implies that the underlying business of FPI is more profitable. The ROI of FPI is 2.30% while that of GLMD is -78.30%. These figures suggest that FPI ventures generate a higher ROI than that of GLMD.

Cash Flow

The value of a stock is ultimately determined by the amount of cash flow that the investors have available. Over the last 12 months, FPI’s free cash flow per share is a positive 0, while that of GLMD is negative -0.35.

Liquidity and Financial Risk

The ability of a company to meet up with its short-term obligations and be able to clear its longer-term debts is measured using Liquidity and leverage ratios. The debt ratio of FPI is 1.12 compared to 0.00 for GLMD. FPI can be able to settle its long-term debts and thus is a lower financial risk than GLMD.


FPI currently trades at a forward P/E of 49.92, a P/B of 0.45, and a P/S of 4.05 while GLMD trades at a P/B of 11.67, and a P/S of 183.19. This means that looking at the earnings, book values and sales basis, FPI is the cheaper one. It is very obvious that earnings are the most important factors to investors, thus analysts are most likely to place their bet on the P/E.

Analyst Price Targets and Opinions

The mistake some people make is that they think a cheap stock has more value to it. In order to know the value of a stock, there is need to compare its current price to its likely trading price in the future. The price of FPI is currently at a -29.33% to its one-year price target of 8.83. Looking at its rival pricing, GLMD is at a -61.54% relative to its price target of 33.20.

When looking at the investment recommendation on say a scale of 1 to 5 (1 being a strong buy, 3 a hold, and 5 a sell), FPI is given a 3.00 while 2.00 placed for GLMD. This means that analysts are more bullish on the outlook for FPI stocks.

Insider Activity and Investor Sentiment

Short interest or otherwise called the percentage of a stock’s tradable shares currently being shorted is another data that investors use to get a handle on sentiment. The short ratio for FPI is 10.87 while that of GLMD is just 0.92. This means that analysts are more bullish on the forecast for GLMD stock.


The stock of Galmed Pharmaceuticals Ltd. defeats that of Farmland Partners Inc. when the two are compared, with GLMD taking 6 out of the total factors that were been considered. GLMD happens to be more profitable, generates a higher ROI, has higher cash flow per share, higher liquidity and has a lower financial risk. When looking at the stock valuation, GLMD is the cheaper one on an earnings, book value and sales basis. Finally, the sentiment signal for GLMD is better on when it is viewed on short interest.

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